Definition of Power of Attorney in Healthcare (HCPA)
What is a Power of Attorney for Healthcare?
A Health Care Authority (HCPA) is a legal document that enables one person to empower another person to make decisions about their medical care. A health care power of attorney applies to both a legal document and a specific person with legal authority.
The central theses
- A Health Care Authority (HCPA) is a legal document that enables a specific person to speak to others and make decisions on your behalf about your health, treatment, and care.
- It is important to trust your HCPA as he or she may be tasked with making life and death decisions on your behalf.
- While it is easy to set up an HCPA, states have different rules and forms. So you need to consult that of the state where you live.
Understanding Power of Attorney in Healthcare
The Health Care Power of Attorney helps people who cannot communicate with their needs about their medical care and treatment. The persons listed in the HCPA document become the representative or health care representative of the sick or injured person. As a rule, alternatives are requested on the form if the first-mentioned HCPA is not available for this function. However, each state can differ in this and other details. Hence, you need to consult your own state’s rules and forms when arranging an HCPA.
Healthcare representatives can communicate with the patient’s doctors to prevent unwanted treatments and avoid wrong decisions. You also have the power to make medical decisions for the person who is incapacitated. Writing a HCPA is straightforward – you fill out a form and have it notarized. Plus, you can always change or revoke who your healthcare alternate should be by simply destroying the old HCPA and filling out a new one.
Anyone can act as a health care attorney or an actual attorney. Your HCPA can have any kind of relationship with you – he or she can be your friend, partner, lover, relative, or colleague, for example. You can choose anyone freely.
The power of attorney for the health system has an important function both in the case of periodic illnesses and at the end of life.
Why would anyone want or need an HCPA?
Make life better
Imagine you are the above sick person. In addition to being sick, you are weakened – you cannot speak or move and you may not even think. What could that look like? You could be in such excruciating pain that you literally cannot speak. You may have passed out as a result of an accident. Perhaps you are a terminally ill patient who has fallen into a coma. If you ever found yourself in such situations and got out alive, you would probably have been grateful that your HCPA was in place to communicate with your doctors and others to promote your wellbeing.
Make death better
Obviously, if you are dying or in a coma you cannot see your health representative talking to your doctors. But some people might take comfort now if they think their health care representative will be there to make sure their wishes are properly granted. The HCPA fulfills an important function both with periodic illnesses and at the end of life.
A very personal decision
On the other hand, some people may not want an HCPA. They may be uncomfortable with the concept of someone making decisions for them. Perhaps they do not want to imagine a situation in which they are physically weak or in a coma, or it could be that some people do not want to think about their death at all during their lifetime.
As with other important life decisions, whether or not to engage an HCPA is a personal decision. A healthcare power of attorney may not be for everyone.
How it works
If the patient, who is the owner of the HCPA, becomes too ill to communicate his or her wishes for medical care to others, the HCPA is activated. This means that the person you named in the document has the opportunity to make life and death decisions about and for you. Now “HCPA” refers to both the HCPA document and the person you named in it. For example, my own HCPA could tell my doctors, “If Carla can’t breathe on her own, she doesn’t want life-saving measures to be taken for her.” Aside from specific guidelines like this one, you can include more general insights like your religious beliefs, morals, and core ethical values in your HCPA filing.
Choosing a healthcare proxy
Critical for self care
Designating a power of attorney for healthcare is an important step in taking care of yourself. With an HCPA, everyone, including your doctors, knows exactly what your needs are when faced with major medical decisions but unable to communicate. Knowing your desires can take away the burden of guessing what they are. The more they know about your treatment preferences, the smoother your care can be.
An intimate calling
It is an understatement to say that you have to trust your HCPA. Of course you should trust them. But because you are sharing intimate self-knowledge with this person, you must have a special relationship with them too. relaxed enough to be your real self – with no limits. This applies regardless of the other roles your HCPA has towards you. Before deciding on an HCPA, you should consider this carefully. However, relationships change, as do our feelings about others. What if you feel like you made a mistake?
You can change your mind
You are genuinely free to choose whoever you want to proxy for your healthcare. This includes the freedom to undo your decision at any time. If you want to assign a new HCPA, simply delete the original document and create a new one identifying the new HCPA.
Not everyone has an HCPA, but if more people understood the term, they might see the benefit of having one assigned.
How to set up an HCPA
To appoint someone to your Health Care Authority, you can fill out a form listing the person along with the provisions they should have regarding your medical care. The form also lists any special requests you may have, such as: B. Requesting a DNR (Do-not-Resuscitate) order and avoiding interventions that will extend your life.
Some states – namely Indiana, New Hampshire, Ohio, Texas, and Wisconsin – do not allow a universal form of proxy and require that you use your state-specific proxy instead to determine your proxy.
Some states also require witnesses to be present when the individual is in a nursing home or facility. For a basic healthcare proxy form, you will need to provide your name, birthday, date, and identifying information of the person you are designating. You can also name two backup agents in case your first hire is unavailable or unwilling to take on the role. Unless you live in Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, or West Virginia, the form must be notarized. The power of attorney for the healthcare system takes effect immediately as soon as the documents are signed.